Probably the UK's favourite bird, with its bright red breast it is familiar throughout the year and especially associated with Christmas. It was officially adopted as Britain's National Bird in 1960.
Just about everyone can probably recognise a Robin, whether they are an expert birder, or just a casual observer. They can be very inquisitive when the gardener is turning the soil; always on the lookout for a tasty treat, worms, spiders or other insects. A small bird, with a body length of about 14cm. (5”), and weigh about 18 g.
The sexes of adults are very similar, if not identical, and even the males will chase off females for encroaching on his territorry.
Both males and females are territorial and the red breast is fluffed out in display.
In order to defend their winter territories, the females have to sing and display just like the males.
In spring the females will have to persuade the males to stop fighting them and start co-operating with them in the raising of a family. To do this, when they encroach into the males territory they behave like young birds begging for food, thus stimulating the males to feed them rather than fight them.
The female builds a cup-shaped nest in a covered location such as an ivy-covered bank, bush, hedge or a hole in a tree. She then incubates the 4-6 eggs for 13-14 days. The young are fed by both parents.
The young birds fledge after two weeks and three broods may be raised in a good year.
Juveniles have no red breast and are spotted with golden brown. After moulting in August-October they look just like adults.