Yarrow, Achillea millefoliam
Yarrow is a perennial herb native to Europe and Asia, and naturalised in North America and most other countries throughout the world.
Its botanical name is derived from Achilles, the Greek hero.
It flowers from June to September; the flowers are white or pale lilac, being like minute daisies, in flattened, terminal, loose heads, or cymes.
The plant is rich in magnesium, calcium and phosphate. Sheep eat the plant when it is young, and for this reason it is sometimes included in grass seed mixtures. It is said to control diarrhoea in sheep. Yarrow has many herbal uses, but can cause skin irritation and rashes.
Yarrow is a very valuable medicinal herb, with much scientific evidence of use in alternative medicine as an antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, carminative, diaphoretic, digestive, emmenagogue, stimulant, and tonics, vasodilator, and vulnerary.
Yarrow is used against colds, cramps, fevers, kidney disorders, toothaches, skin irritations, and haemorrhages, and to regulate menses, stimulate the flow of bile, and purify the blood.
Medicinal tea is a good remedy for severe colds and flu, for stomach ulcers, amenorrhoea, abdominal cramps, abscesses, trauma and bleeding, and to reduce inflammation.
It was one of the herbs dedicated to the Evil One, in earlier days, being sometimes known as Devils Nettle,
Devil's Plaything, Bad Man's Plaything, and was used for divination in spells.
Other names include, Milfoil, Old Man's Pepper, Soldier's Woundwort, Knight's Milfoil, Thousand Weed, Nose Bleed, Carpenter's Weed, Bloodwort, and Staunchweed.
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